Answer to last week’s trivia: The language used at the end of the Parsha is very similar to the language at the end of Parshas Shlach in the incident of the Mekoshesh Eitzim. Kudos to all participants including Rabbi Yisroel Janowski, (Rabbi) Jeffrey Katz (Esq) ,Shopsy Kanarek, Hon Mark Friedlander, and Ralph Sherman
THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND….Parshas Behar begins with a description of the Yovel year – every fifty years, all Hebrew slaves were released from slavery, and all property, which had been sold, over the previous half century reverted to its original owner; This essentially resulted in a society .where small landowners received a second chance if they had to alienate themselves, because of dire circumstances, from the land that their ancestors had received at the time of Yehoshuak Bin Nun.
We read at 25-10: והעברת שופר תרועה בחדש השבעי בעשור לחדש ביום הכפרים
“You shall sound the Shofar.. on the tenth of the seventh month (Tishrei) on Yom Kippur. First, we learn from Sefer Hachinuch that the sounding of the Shofar on Yom Kippur to announce Yovel is in of itself one of the 613 Mitzvos. Moreover, Yovel actually begins on Rosh Hashanah, and during the 10 period between RH and YK, the Hebrew slaves eat, drink, and are joyful in anticipation of their freedom. ( Meseches Rosh Hashanah 5) Once the Shofar actually sounds, they are then free to return to their families.
Why does the Torah mention here that Yom Kippur occurs on the 10th of Tishrei? We certainly know this from Parshas Emor. Rashi answers that this teaches that the Shofar of Yovel can be sounded on Shabbos, as opposed to the Shofar of Rosh Hashanah which can’t be sounded on Shabbos. Ramban disagrees and comments that we learn that everyone must either sound or hear the Shofar of Yovel – it is not limited to the Sanhedrin in Yerushalayim.
Finally, the entire idea of Yovel is connected to a passuk which is not found here. If we read Sefer Bamidbar, we find at 26-53-54 the command that the land should be divided based on population – a larger shevet gets more land while a smaller shevet received less land. The actual division was done by Yehoshua. Therefore, Yovel was the necessary mechanism by which this division of the land was maintained. Every fifty yrears, the deck, so to speak, was reshuffled, in order to maintain the requisite balance among the shevatim and their individual members (Daat Mikrah).
Trivia: What does the word “yovel” actually mean?
Luv and Good Shabbos to all